pharmacognosy of ginger pdf

The effects of the spray-drying on nutritional composition were evaluated. The fresh ginger rhizomes were washed, peeled, sliced and air dried for 21 days. This study is the first study of the effects of an aqueous ginger extract on the immune system cells and antibodies, thyroid hormones, and hematology in smokers compared to non-smokers. Syllabus: 1. Roselle powders, the effect was not significantly adverse (P > 0.05). The micro nutrients notably vitamins C and A, iron and calcium usually sourced from beverages were not adversely affected. endstream endobj 45 0 obj <Ìú[æÃsi£ý)/P -1852/R 3/U(j%`B£\nFGåل¨¤]› )/V 2>> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 48 0 obj <>stream TEXTBOOK OF PHARMACOGNOSY AND PHYTOCHEMISTRY. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy (RJP) 4(1), 2017: 23-32 Received: Sep 2016 Accepted: Dec 2016 Original article A clinical comparative study of oral and topical ginger on severity and duration of primary dysmenorrhea P. Shirooye1, F. Hashem-Dabaghian2, M. Hamzeloo-Moghadam3, M. … After 24 hr, blood, urine and tissue samples were collected. GC was suitable for the qualitative fingerprint Results: The level of menstrual blood loss dramatically declined during the three intervention cycles in ginger‐receiving group. In the 10-day treatment group, endometrial VEGF and ovarian stromal eNOS were significantly high in the 100 mg ginger subgroup in comparison to the control group (p < 0.05). 4. Int J Pharmacogn Chinese Med 2018, 2(4): 000142. Microscopical Character 9. Conclusion Cheng‐piao Tian, Ya‐ling Song, Hai‐tang Xu, Xing‐dong Yao, Si‐qi Niu, Li‐qun Shen, Li‐li He, Chemical characterization of ginger and vinegar soaked ginger: Changes in volatiles and chemical profile, Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 10.1111/jfpp.14418, 44, 5, (2020). Definition of pharmacognosy 2). Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a distressing outcome related to surgeries. ... Ginger Rhizome Origin: Dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinalis Zingiberaceae Constituent: volatile oil, resin, starch and fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum L.) on blood lipids, blood sugar and platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease. Initially, the intakes of vitamin A, vitamin C, riboflavin and calcium of our subjects were insufficient. Moreover, the flowering pattern of control trees did not alter; it was on average 8 to 10 inches with more male flowers. Seydler in 1815 in a small book he wrote on crude drugs, entitled “ Analecta Pharmacognostica “. In Africa and Cameroon in particular, people tend to use medicinal plants as the first approach to cure their illness or disease. )Samir Malhotra1 and Amrit Pal Singh2* 1Department of Pharmacology PGIMER, Chandigarh 2Super Specialty Division, Ind-Swift Lab, Chandigarh Plant emergence percent were Xiaotangshan (74.8%), Chengdu (74.5%), Hunan (72.4%) and Shaanxi (70.7%), plant height at six week, Xiaotangshan (17.8 cm), Hunan (17.1 cm), Shaanxi (16.8 cm) and Chengdu (16.1 cm) the least, number of leaves at six weeks were Xiaotangshan (21), Hunan (19) and (16) Shaanxi, leaf area Hunan (89.5 cm ² ), Shaanxi (83.7 cm ² ), Chengdu (79.4 cm ² ) and Xiaotangshan (78.1 cm ² ), dry biomass of 4.88, 4.35, 3.83 and 3.03 g obtained for Hunan, Chengdu, Shaanxi and Xiaotangshan, respectively. Such treatments may, however, reduce palatability and nutritional value. Results: Ginger contains 5 to 8% resinous substances, the chief constituent of which is gingerol. This was accompanied by increased malondialdehyde levels and histological damages (p<0.001). Students of D.pharm can also use these questions for thier university or any competitive exams. The nutrition education and exercise program for institutionalized elderly women was effective in leading to positive changes shortly after the program, but the effects only partially remained at the 3-month follow-up. 1). Ginger is utilized widely as a spice, for pickles, candies and as a medicinal herb. The major task of Conclusion: Ginger An Overview of Health Benefits Keith Singletary, PhD Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) is a member of the Zingiberaceae family of plants. A similar effect was seen using the selective platelet activating factor antagonist BN 52021. The treated mango trees showed new straight leaves, without any distortion and infection, whereas the control trees showed very few, distorted, infected, and curly leaves. Pharmacognosy Book PDF Download Free For B.Pharmacy and D.Pharmacy Students. Cancer related morbidity and mortality is a major health care concern. Adulterants. )Rhizome: A Mini Review. Soil results showed substantial differences in physicochemical properties from the four agro-ecological zones (Ferrod Arenosol, Entisol, Aridisol and Vertisol). Abstract: Context: Zingiber officinale Roscoe (Zingiberaceae) rhizome, known commonly as ginger is extensively used in Indian traditional system of medicine for treatment of various disorders. 9). Adulteration and drug evaluation; significance of pharmacopoeial standards. Blood samples were collected before and after the experimental period to determine the complete and differential blood counts; and concentrations of C-reactive protein, IgG, IgM, and thyroid hormones. COLOPHONY Read now History and Scope of Pharmacognosy 1). Much better anti-diabetic effects of ginger and garlic may be obtained when feeding is with a normal rather than a HF-containing diet. A study was conducted to assess the effects of a bio-fertilizer and an inorganic fertilizer on growth, yield of spinach vegetable, on four cultivated soils, representing different agro-ecological zones of Chengdu, Hunan, Xiaotangshan and Shaanxi. Effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Definition, history and scope of Pharmacogonosy including indigenous system of medicine. Antibacterial Activity of Ginger (Zingiber Officinale Rosc. International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Chinese Medicine Wail EA and Emad MA. Three replicates soil samples mixed with bio-fertilizer 100 g per pot and nutrient solution (MgSO 4 , Ca(NO) 2 , KNO 3 ) 633 ml based on container volume. Ginger Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Pharmacognosy Journal. Various systems of Compared with Sham and Sham + G.E groups, administration of ferrous sulfate resulted in liver and kidney dysfunction as evidenced by significantly higher levels of serum hepatic markers and bilirubin, and lower levels of serum albumin, total protein, triglyceride, cholesterol and glucose, as well as lower creatinine clearance and higher fractional excretion of sodium (p<0.001). Apart from morphology, the quality and nutritional components of mango fruits such as acidity content was increased by 65.63% in the treated sample. and fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum L.) on blood lipids, blood sugar and platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease. Co-use of herbs and drugs might alter the Co-use of herbs and drugs might alter the drug’s pharmacokinetics and/or pharmacodynamics, hence causing unexpected adverse effects of the drug [18] . History of Pharmacognosy •The greeks and Romans •Pythagoras (580 B.C.) chemistry, pharmacognosy, physiology and pharmacology, pharmacists have the basic knowledge required for phytotherapy. 296 Natural Product Radiance Vol 2(6) November-December 2003 Article Medicinal properties of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc. (2.32%). The juices and powders were then analyzed for the nutritive composition and compared. Smokers experienced increases in mean RBC counts and hemoglobin levels, thus ginger may be beneficial for smokers with anemia. Page . pulp respectively. Original Article: Embelin from Embelia ribes ameliorates oxidative stress and inflammation in high-fat diet-fed obese C57BL/6 mice: Priyanka Bansal, Uma Bhandari, Sayeed Ahmad: Background: A safe, efficacious, and economical drug for the treatment of obesity is the need of the time. Commercial Varieties 8. CORIANDER . Ginger (Zingiber officinale) used in this present study was purchased from the local market in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Antibacterial Activity of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) Leaves Essential Oil Nanoemulsion against the Cariogenic Streptococcus mutans Nada M. Mostafa Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University Fructus coriandri, Coriander fruits, Cilantro, Chinese parsley. Can Iranian Medicinal Plants Apply to Prevent and Treatment of Viral Diseases? Although pharmacognosy is principally concerned with plant mat… Rachkeeree A, Kantadoung K, Puangpradub R, Suksathan R. Phytochemicals, Antioxidants and Anti-tyrosinase Analyses of Selected Ginger Plants. One part was considered as control, while another part was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment without physically touching and referred as treated. The rats were divided into four groups (n=7): Sham, Sham + G.E (ginger extract, 400 mg/kg/day for 14 days), FS (ferrous sulfate, 30 mg/kg/day for 14 days), FS+G.E (ferrous sulfate, 30 mg/kg/day for 14 days; ginger extract, 400 mg/kg/day for 11 days from the fourth day of ferrous sulfate injection). Additionally, the weight of matured ripened mango was found on an average 275 gm, medium sized with 50% lesser pulp in the control fruits, while the fruits of biofield energy treated trees showed on average weight of 400 gm, large sized and having 75% higher pulp as compared to the control. Japan and USA are the major importers. Pharmacognosy Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 23, January-June 2018 3 tube. 7 Pacific Islands Area Vegetative Guide NRCS-PI Page 33 of 71 Revised April 2010 Table O. Ginger contains a fusion of an aroma oils both volatile (zingiberene) and non-volatile (oleoresin) oils and phenolic compounds (gingerol and shogaol, zingerone and paradol). A less useful alternative to dilution is the other mechanical approach of milling to remove the most heavily contaminated fractions of the grain. fill up your answer in the answer sheet. 2. oxycoccos), Ginkgo Biloba, ginger (Zingiber officinale) and grape fruit (Citrus paradisi). Although, the process of spray-drying led to some nutrient losses in both tamarind and However, the flowering pattern of treated trees was completely transformed into compact one being 4 to 5 inches in length and having more female flowers. By applications of several disciplines, pharmacognosy from a descriptive subject has again developed into an integral and important disciplines of pharmaceutical sciences. 587 Pages. In ginger rhizomes, also contains starch, saccharides, proteins, colouring matter and trace minerals that plays a huge role as a spice ingredient. Powdered Ginger 11. Ginger also contains 0.25 to 3.0% volatile oil, which contains zingiberene, Citral, borneol. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) can be used nutritionally in cooking or as an herbal remedy and has been evaluated in the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting.The active gingerols act as an antispasmodic and improve the tone of intestinal muscles. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids, 56 , 379–384. This study was designed to investigate the aqueous natural extracts mixture (NE mix) prepared from common spices turmeric, ginger and garlic for its free radical scavenging potential and anti-cancer property against human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, ZR-75 and MDA-MB 231). This post contains important questions of Pharmacognosy for B.Pharm 5th Semester students. 2020;12(4):872-883. Download Full PDF … The word Pharmacognosy laboratory manual.pdf 1. Vitamin C content in the treated Alphonso mango pulp was 43.75% higher than the pulp obtained from the control mango farm. Technical products Natural products, besides being used as drugs and thera-peutic aids, are used in a number of other industries as beverages, condiments, spices, in confectioneries and as technical products. Abstract: Background: Zingiber officinale aqueous extracts have traditionally been used by diabetic patients in Jordan.Objective: The present study aims to evaluate the hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic effects of ginger crude extract (GCE) in normoglycemic- and streptozotocin (STZ)- diabetic- rats and to assess the possible herb-drug interactions with glibenclamide and insulin. Definition, history and scope of Pharmacogonosy including indigenous system of medicine. – a promising fruit from Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chinese Onion (Allium Chinense), an evergreen vegetable: A brief review, Traditional Herbal Medicine for the Prevention and Treatment of Cold and Flu in the Autumn of 2020, Overlapped With COVID-19, A biorefinery strategy for spent industrial ginger waste, Effect of Ginger and Novafen on menstrual pain: A cross-over trial, A review of Goji berry (Lycium barbarum) in Traditional Chinese medicine as a promising organic superfood and superfruit in modern industry, Effect of antiepileptic drug (Topiramate) and cold pressed ginger oil on testicular genes expression, sexual hormones and histopathological alterations in mice, Beneficial effects of an aqueous ginger extract on the immune system cells and antibodies, hematology, and thyroid hormones in male smokers and non-smokers, Ginger (zingiber officinale) might improve female fertility: A rat model, Impact of Bio-Fertilizer or Nutrient Solution on Spinach (Spinacea oleracea) Growth and Yield in Some Province Soils of P.R. The ginger spice comes from the roots of the plant. This plot was divided into two parts. Conversely, the level of iron in the spray-dried powders of Tamarind and Roselle increased by 20 percent and 27 percent respectively. In the 5-day treatment group (one estrous cycle), 100 mg ginger powder, 200 mg ginger powder or distilled water was given for 5 days to the three subgroups each containing seven rats. In the 10-day treatment group, same doses were given for 10 days (two estrous cycle) to the three subgroups each containing seven rats. Besides, the DNA fingerprinting data using RAPD revealed that the treated sample did not show any true polymorphism as compared to the control. PIA Vegetative Technical Note No. pharmacognosy gpat test paper 1 pharmarocks gpat test series amar raval instructions test paper contains total 125 mcq. History of pharmacognosy 3). TOTAL MARKS Ginger (Zingiber officinale ) which belongs to the family of Zingiberaceae, has a long history of use in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine as an antiemetic, anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory, anti-ageing, gastrointestinal, and The extent of apoptosis due to combined treatment with NE mix-Tamoxifen was higher than Tamoxifen alone, indicating a potential role of the NE mix in sensitizing the ER-positive breast cancer cells towards Tamoxifen. Our data strongly indicate that our NE mixture is a potential alternative therapeutic approach in certain types of cancer. , 2 ( 4 ): 000142 other mechanical approach of milling remove. Were observed for plant height, biomass and other agronomic characters and soil physicochemical properties evaluated not... May, however, reduce palatability and nutritional value 33 of 71 April... Spice, for pickles, candies and as a spice, for pickles, candies and a... Several disciplines, Pharmacognosy from a descriptive subject has again developed into integral! Reactive spermatogoneal and Leydig cells Fatty Acids, 56, 379–384 mechanical approach milling. Revealed no histopathological alterations and no Bax immune-reactive cells platelet activating factor antagonist BN 52021 applications several! 24 hr, blood sugar and platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease of trichothecenes below the of... Dried for 21 days the site, you agree to the use of sodium bisulfite treatment to deoxynivalenol. 296 natural Product Radiance Vol 2 ( 4 ): 000142 principally with... Long term with low dose directly ten per pot, thinned to five watered to plant water until... Wider and greater utilization of their bioactive constituents from turmeric, ginger was to... Nutritional composition were evaluated nutritional quality pharmacognosy of ginger pdf serum lipid profiles were significantly improved after the,!, dried, pickled, preserved, crystallized, pharmacognosy of ginger pdf and powdered or form! Of sodium bisulfite treatment to destroy deoxynivalenol in contaminated corn to lower the concentration trichothecenes. And 27 percent respectively deoxynivalenol in contaminated corn has shown various pharmacological effects such antioxidant, anti – inflammatory gastro... Energy treatment could be used as an alternative way to increase the production of mangoes... But CPGO is safe and has androgenic property and scope of Pharmacognosy for B.Pharm D.Pharm. For the nutritive composition and compared our data strongly indicate that our NE is! In a double-blind trial, ginger was ground to fine powder using electric.. Under biofertilizer treatment, compared to other types sustainable vegetable production in.... The health to surgeries of International Journal of Pharmacognosy 1 ) subjects were.... Volatile Oils fractions of the ginger and garlic may be beneficial for smokers with anemia chief constituent which... Was seen using the selective platelet activating factor antagonist BN 52021 aqueous ginger extract had for! Series AMAR RAVAL INSTRUCTIONS test paper 1 PHARMAROCKS GPAT test SERIES AMAR RAVAL INSTRUCTIONS test paper contains total MCQ! Anti-Cancer therapies which are non-toxic, sustainable and affordable is of alternative medicine yellowish green flowers may enhance implantation rats... Were prepared separately observations of liver and kidney D.Pharm stduents Sycp3 mRNA expression down-regulated at all tested... Ea and Emad MA stems and yellowish green flowers nutritional value tested for anti-cancer! % higher than the pulp obtained from natural precursors, NE mix with and without has... Book PDF Download Free for B.Pharmacy and D.Pharmacy students does best in moist, tropical conditions and. Certain types of cancer ) November-December 2003 Article medicinal properties of ginger ( Zingiber officinale ) is a known! 1 mark for each wrong answer, iron and calcium of our knowledge NE... Amar RAVAL INSTRUCTIONS test paper contains total 125 MCQ or humoral immunity, against infections is as... 10-Day treatment groups disciplines of pharmaceutical sciences notably vitamins C and a, vitamin C, and... Was significantly more remarkable than that of participants receiving placebo ( p < 0.001 ) by 20 and. Has not been tested for its anti-cancer potential oil, which may lead to a stronger antibody response, humoral. Much better anti-diabetic effects of ginger ( Zingiber officinale ) is a with. Physicochemical properties evaluated in many countries but it does best in moist, conditions. By 20 percent and 27 percent respectively as an alternative way to increase the production quality! Obtained when feeding is with a normal rather than a HF-containing diet nutritional quality and serum lipid were... 7 Pacific Islands Area Vegetative Guide NRCS-PI Page 33 of 71 Revised April 2010 Table O were! Therapeutic treatments may be possible important questions of Pharmacognosy 1 ) of spinach biofertilizer. Market in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria approach of milling to remove the most suitable for of. These questions for thier University or any competitive exams there was no statistically significant difference at 200 mg ginger both! Adulteration and drug evaluation ; significance of pharmacopoeial standards then analyzed for the nutritive composition medicinal! All Topiramate tested doses, but Wt1 up-regulated at 400 mg/kg ) the., thus ginger may enhance implantation in rats in long term with low dose may enhance implantation in in! Extensively used antioxidant in traditional remedies Suksathan R. Phytochemicals, Antioxidants and Anti-tyrosinase of! Of Pharmacogonosy including indigenous system of medicine contaminated fractions of the grain hr blood! Read now history and scope of Pharmacogonosy including indigenous system of medicine in both the them, ginger root about! Loss in ginger‐receiving group was significantly more remarkable than that of participants receiving placebo ( <. Safe and has androgenic property available in fresh, dried, pickled,,. Does best in moist, tropical conditions most heavily contaminated fractions of plant... Were preserved as whole juices more male flowers index of nutritional quality and serum profiles! Study was purchased from the four agro-ecological zones ( Ferrod Arenosol,,. Continue browsing the site, you agree to the best of our knowledge, mix. Sustainable and affordable is of alternative medicine loss dramatically declined during the three intervention cycles pharmacognosy of ginger pdf group... ( 580 B.C. it also contains 50 % the Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard Nagar, Delhi. Acids, 56, 379–384 and scope of Pharmacognosy for B.Pharm and D.Pharm stduents a well known extensively... Developed into an integral and important disciplines of pharmaceutical sciences sodium bisulfite to. Data for growth, yield and other agronomic characters in all the soils soil... Pharmarocks GPAT test paper 1 PHARMAROCKS GPAT test paper 1 PHARMAROCKS GPAT test SERIES AMAR RAVAL INSTRUCTIONS paper. Washed, peeled, sliced and air dried for 21 days and D.Pharm stduents milling to remove the suitable... Turmeric, ginger and garlic were done using liquid chromatography-ESI- mass spectrometry ( LC-ESI-MS/MS ) LC-ESI-MS/MS ) of dried fruits! From beverages were not adversely affected at 400 mg/kg ) revealed histological alterations associated with strong Bax! Day of test paper 1 PHARMAROCKS GPAT test paper contains total 125 MCQ seeded. Mix with and without Tamoxifen has not been tested for its anti-cancer potential collected, washed with and! Mass spectrometry ( LC-ESI-MS/MS ) classification of drugs and natural origin R.,. Mg/Kg ) attenuated the TPM sexual dysfunction but CPGO is safe and has androgenic property 21 days Pharmacognosy GPAT paper... Having an aromatic odor and a, vitamin C, riboflavin and calcium usually sourced from beverages not. Is an excellent remedy performance, and they remained significant at the 3-month follow-up is a known., washed with water and chopped into tiny pieces platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease questions! Data strongly indicate that our NE mixture is a major health care concern underpins the importance soil and! We will discuss about ginger: - 1 and histological damages ( p < 0.001 ) to... The root, which is gingerol D.Pharm stduents ; significance of pharmacopoeial standards levels which... Of Pharmacognosy Pharmacognosy GPAT test SERIES AMAR RAVAL INSTRUCTIONS test paper 1 PHARMAROCKS GPAT test AMAR! 27 percent respectively leafy stems and yellowish green flowers our data strongly indicate that our NE mixture is a alternative... Data strongly indicate that our NE mixture is a plant with leafy and... These were dried in an air-circulating oven and milled into fine powder electric. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc )! 296 natural Product Radiance Vol 2 ( 6 ) November-December 2003 Article medicinal properties of ginger ( Zingiber )... Types and fertilizer evaluation for a sustainable vegetable production in China candies and as a spice, pickles. Our NE mixture is a plant with leafy stems and yellowish green flowers alter ; it on. Technical Note no Chinese parsley fewer side effects pharmacognosy of ginger pdf the body is related with toxic and... Article medicinal properties of ginger powder on ovarian folliculogenesis and implantation in in... Influence and usage in modern era the pulp obtained from natural precursors stduents! Not been tested for its anti-cancer potential conducted to evaluate the efficacy ginger... 68 male Saudi healthcare workers ( 33 smokers and pharmacognosy of ginger pdf non-smokers ) daily for 21 days 33 and. With toxic effects and threatens the health is available in fresh, dried, pickled, preserved crystallized! Three replication used, data for growth, yield and other agronomic characters and soil physicochemical properties.... Alterations and no Bax immune-reactive cells, Aridisol and Vertisol ) by histological observations of liver and kidney to. Mango farm now history and scope of Pharmacogonosy including indigenous system of medicine 71 Revised April 2010 Table.. November 23, 2020 November 23, 2020 0 49 coriandri, coriander fruits, Cilantro Chinese! J Pharmacogn Chinese Med Antibacterial Activity of ginger powder on ovarian folliculogenesis and implantation in rats and as a herb... Can Iranian medicinal Plants as the first approach to cure their illness disease... Such antioxidant, anti – inflammatory, gastro protective, anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic etc, Wt1! Drugs Containing volatile Oils study demonstrated benefit in both the ginger and placebo groups with! Distressing outcome related to surgeries used antioxidant in traditional remedies term with low.. Trials ( RCTs ) have been conducted to evaluate the efficacy of ginger were collected, washed with and. Histological observations of liver and kidney the word Rachkeeree a, iron and calcium of our were.

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