names of hurricanes

Hurricane Frances: Satellite image of a hurricane named "Frances" as it approaches Florida. When that happens the World Meteorological Organization replaces the name. Not all tropical storms become hurricanes. The World Meteorological Organization maintains the lists of names for tropical storms around the world. Gabrielle 8. A table listing the 24 Greek names is shown on this page. These experts assign names to hurricanes according to a formal list of names that is approved before the start of each hurricane season. So, although the list of 2022 Hurricanes above is correct, it may skip some names if the underlying tropical storm did not become a hurricane. Mobile homes that are unanchored might also be toppled. Jerry 11. The U.S. National Hurricane Center started this … In the rare years when more than 21 storms are named, the additional storms are given names from the Greek alphabet: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and so on are used for their names. The only time that there is a change in the list is if a storm is so deadlyor costly that the future use of its name o… Dorian 5. U.S. weather officials have been giving hurricanes human names since the 1940s, but the original naming system drew the anger of activists. The decade featured Hurricane Andrew which at the time was the costliest hurricane on record, and also Hurricane Mitch which is considered to be the deadliest tropical cyclone to have its name retired, killing over 11,000 people in Central America. It was so destructive that the name "Fran" was retired from use. Fast forward to present day and the reason we have names such as Gaston, Humberto and Fred is because these French, Spanish and English names represent the languages most commonly used across the Atlantic Basin. Humberto 9. Hurricane Fran: Satellite image of a hurricane named "Fran." The Atlantic Hurricane Season officially begins June 1. The Atlantic hurricane season has been so unrelenting that we’ve already cycled through all the names in the year’s Atlantic-hurricane-season list, prompting meteorologists to name storms using Greek letters, which has only happened once before.. Two bleak records were broken on Friday. The names of destructive hurricanes are retired. (CNN)As Hurricane Isaias continues the record-setting pace of the 2020 Atlantic Ocean hurricane season as the earliest ninth storm in the season since 2005, the proper pronunciation of the storm's name as provided by the National Hurricane Center (ees-ah-EE-ahs) has generated interest. In the Atlantic Ocean, tropical storms that reach a sustained wind speed of 39 miles per hour are given a name, such as "Tropical Storm Fran." The last season to use the Greek alphabet was the 2005 hurricane season, the busiest season to date. Category 1 hurricanes produce dangerous winds that have speeds of about 119-153 km/h. Well, kind of. While names of hurricanes previously included names from A to Z (for example, hurricane names from 1958 included Udele, Virgy, Wilna, Xrae, Yurith and … So 2020 started with Arthur, ended with Wilfred. The use of the Greek alphabet (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, Eta, Theta, etc) has only happened once before in 2005, when six names from the Greek Alphabet were used. For the Atlantic hurricane names, there are six lists which are reused every six years. Separate naming systems are maintained for Eastern North Pacific Storms and Central North Pacific Storms. If the storm reaches a sustained wind speed of 74 miles per hour, it is called a hurricane - such as "Hurricane Fran." By Pedram Javaheri and Virginia Langmaid, CNN, Updated 1555 GMT (2355 HKT) August 1, 2020. Home » Geologic Hazards » Hurricane Names. If you've ever wondered how tropical systems get their names you are not alone: While the answer to why a hurricane is given a certain name is rather simple, the history behind the naming of storms is far from it. Nestor 15. A list of hurricane names that have been retired since the current name list system was established in 1979 is shown on this webpage. The first recorded storm names were assigned after incredibly devastating hurricanes, like Hurricane Santa Ana, which struck Puerto Rico on Saint Anne’s Day, July 26, 1825, killing hundreds. Sebastien 19. However, loss of human and animal lives is minimal in the case of such storms. The name “Mitch,” for example, was removed from the list in 1999 after Hurricane Mitch poured rain, mudslides, and floods across Central America, taking some 10,000 lives. Melissa 14. Imelda 10. People living in the Caribbean Islands named storms after the saint of the day from the Roman Catholic liturgical calendar for the day on which the hurricane occurred such as "Hurricane San Felipe." We skip less common letters like X … For Atlantic hurricanes, there is a list of male and female names which are used on a six-year rotation. The only time that there is a change is if a storm is so deadly or costly that the future use of its name on a different storm would be inappropriate. Pablo 17. Several notable hurricane names such as Katrina, Michael, Rita, Andrew, Maria, and Sandy are among storms who have had names retired. Chantal 4. Some hurricane names like Katrina are infamous, but what goes into naming storms and how did that process begin? The list now alternates gendered names. Wendy Hurricane names are chosen by the World Meteorological Organization. This was a record-breaking year with devastating hurricanes including Katrina, Rita … Isolated incidents of fatalities may occur primarily due to injury by falling or flying debris. In fact, according the travel publication Atlas Obscura, the unofficial naming of tropical systems dates back to the 1850s, before any weather agency, and it was fraught with. The names alternate between male and female. The names used for recent and future Atlantic storms are listed in the table on this page. Names of particularly destructive hurricanes are generally removed from the list and replaced with a new name, beginning with the same letter, to be used six years later. Names have been given to Atlantic hurricanes for a few hundred years. During even-numbered years, men's names were given to the odd-numbered storms and during odd-numbered years, women's names were given to odd-numbered storms (see the table for recent name lists). Van 21. Satellite image by NASA. Visit the National Hurricane Center to see lists and pronunciations of the names used in these areas. Forecasters learned that short, distinctive names for tropical storms and hurricanes improved communication and helped avoid confusion. This is done when a hurricane causes so much death and destruction that reuse of the same name would be insensitive to the people who suffered losses. The word "hurricane" itself comes from the Taino Indigenous Caribbean word hurakán, meaning evil spirits of the wind. In the Western North Pacific basin and the Northern Indian Ocean basin, countries in the region contribute one name each per season, which are used alphabetically. Isaias replaces Ike, which was retired in 2008. Hurricane names aren't random—they've been decided years in advance. From Sally and Fred on to Gaston and Humberto, the names designated for the Atlantic hurricane seasons of the years 2020 to 2025 range from the familiar to those which may be less common. The female-only naming structure was likely a byproduct of Air Force and Navy personnel's often familial naming of the previous decade. Names can be repeated after an interval of six years, but the names of especially severe storms are permanently retired from use. The practice of publicly naming hurricanes has been credited with increasing hurricane awareness. Satellite image by NASA. We ran out of Hurricane names. The lists of storm names are revisited regularly, and names of deadly storms are often retired. Power lines and poles could also be … Every year, meteorologists give hurricanes a name from a list of 21 names. How to pronounce Hurricane Isaias the right way, Hurricane Isaias lashes the Bahamas as it heads toward Florida. Hurricanes for 2022 are named from the tropical storm they developed from. Category 1 hurricanes do not cause much damage to the framework of well-constructed houses but might damage the roof, vinyl sidings, shingles, and gutters. This year was the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record—we saw a whopping 30 named storms. 1. For that reason, the World Meteorological Organization develops a list of names that are assigned in alphabetical order to tropical storms as they are discovered in each hurricane season. Barry 3. They are now maintained and updated througha strict procedure by an international committee of the World Meteorological Organization. Meteorologists for the Atlantic Ocean began using men's names in 1979. The names of men were introduced to the list for Atlantic Ocean storms, in alphabetical order, excluding names starting with the letters Q,U, X, Y or Z. No, really. Lorenzo 13. Next up in 2020: hurricanes named using the Greek alphabet. Hurricane Fran was a large, powerful, destructive hurricane that made landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina on September 5, 1996. For example, "Katrina" has been retired from the name list and will not be used again. 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